Health Risks
Home HIV AIDS Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Hepatitis A



Health Risks
Helpful Links
Contact Us


Individuals entering Crime, Death, Suicide and Trauma Scenes are at high risk of contracting viral and bacterial illnesses carried in blood, body fluids and feces.

Handling of items located in scenes where blood, body fluid and bone fragments are present should not be done by the general public, or good Samaritans, due to associated health risks.

When blood, body fluids and bone fragments are present, areas must be cleaned, sanitized and deodorized by a professional Crime and Death Scene cleaning company to insure the site is rendered pathogenically safe and odor free.  Experienced, professional Bio-hazard companies, whose primary business is bio-hazard clean-up, safeguard against further public health risk, and insure regulated waste is identified, packaged, and processed in accordance with Federal, State and local regulations. 

horizontal rule


Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

HIV attacks the body's immune system causing the disease known as AIDS.  There is no vaccine to prevent HIV. 

HIV is transmitted primarily through sexual contact, but may also be transmitted through contact with infected blood and specific infected body fluids

* Research has revealed a great deal of valuable medical, scientific, and public health information about HIV and AIDS.  The ways in which HIV can be transmitted have been clearly identified.  HIV is found in varying concentrations or amounts in blood, semen, vaginal fluid, breast milk, saliva, and tears.  HIV/AIDS is a sexually transmitted disease.

Hepatitis B

* Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is a potentially life-threatening bloodborne pathogen.  Carriers of HBV face a significantly higher risk for other liver ailments which can be fatal, including cirrhosis of the liver and primary liver cancer. 

* HBV vaccine prevents hepatitis B disease and its serious consequences.

* HBV infection is transmitted through exposure to blood and other infectious body fluids and tissues.  HBV is a sexually transmitted disease.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) is a seriously life-threatening bloodborne pathogen.  * HCV causes chronic infection in 75-85% of individuals infected with the virus.  70% of all chronically infected persons suffer from chronic liver disease.  HCV is the leading indication for liver transplant. 

* Persons at risk for HCV infection might also be at risk for infection with HBV or HIV.  80% of persons infected with HCV have no signs or symptoms.

* There is no vaccine for HCV.  HCV is a sexually transmitted disease.

Hepatitis A
* Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) is found in the stool (feces) of persons with hepatitis A.
* HAV is usually spread from person to person by putting something in the mouth (even though it may look clean) that has been contaminated with the stool of a person with hepatitis A.
HAV may be contracted through sexual activity with an infected person.

horizontal rule




Information taken directly from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data.


Home ] HIV AIDS ] Hepatitis B ] Hepatitis C ] Hepatitis A ]

Send mail to with questions or comments about this web site.
Copyright 2007 CDC Diseases

This is a public service web site.  CDC Diseases is not affiliated with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)